ROME -- The heads of seven southern European states gather in Rome on Wednesday to tackle one of the stubbornest thorns in the EU’s side: flows of migrants from war-torn and impoverished countries.
The leaders of Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal and Spain will meet in the Italian capital for a short meeting at 7pm (1800 GMT), followed by a joint press conference and a working dinner.
It will be the fourth meeting of the ‘Southern Seven’ since Greece’s Alexis Tsipras launched the initiative in September 2016. The group met twice last year, in Lisbon and Madrid.
Issues on the agenda are expected to range from the future of the eurozone, to efforts to propel growth, employment and investment, as well as preparation for the 2019 European Parliament elections.
But from overcrowded reception centers on Greek islands to packed boats heading for Spain, the hottest topic is bound to be migrants.
For Italy, 2017 was a turning point: the country went from large-scale arrivals in the first six months to a sharp drop off, thanks to controversial agreements in Libya.
In the end some 119,000 people landed here, down 35 percent on 2016.
For its part, Spain saw a notable increase in Algerians and Moroccans sailing in, from 6,000 attempting the crossing in 2016 to nearly 23,000 picked up last year.
In Greece, an accord struck between the EU and Turkey limited the number of arrivals to 28,800 people — six times fewer than in 2016 — but it did not solve the problem of how to care for those who had already made the journey.
The death toll in the Mediterranean dropped, from nearly 5,000 people dead or reported missing during crossings in 2016, to 3,116 in 2017.
But asylum applications — and the inevitable delays and lengthy appeals — have placed great strain on some countries.
Greece is struggling to deal with over 50,000 migrants and refugees, 14,000 of whom are crammed into tents or centers on overcrowded Aegean islands.
In Italy, the authorities have stopped providing details on the number of asylum seekers housed in its reception centers, with the last available figures showing there were almost 200,000 last spring.
The southern European countries have urged time and again for the migrant burden to be shared across the EU.
“Italy can no longer continue to pay for everyone, in financial terms as well as in terms of political effort,” Italian Finance Minister Pier Carlo Padoan said on Monday in Brussels.
Interior Minister Marco Minniti — the man behind the morally-questionable yet Brussels-backed deal with Libya to block migrants from setting out for Europe — has urged the EU to follow Italy’s lead on humanitarian corridors.
Three days before Christmas, Rome was the first to welcome a group of 162 Ethiopian, Somali and Yemeni refugees who flew directly in from crisis-hit Libya.