CRIME volume is down this year with the Philippine National Police recording a significant reduction in index crimes since 2013, the PNP leadership headed by Director General Ronald ‘Bato’ M. de la Rosa said yesterday.
Officials attributed the large reduction in index crimes to the ongoing massive crackdown against illegal drug trafficking and abuse ordered by President Duterte since he took office last July 1. The PNP had said that many crimes particularly robbery-holdup, rape, theft and physical injuries have links in one way or another to illegal drug trafficking and abuse.
Crime volume is the number of crime incidents committed in a given area over a period of time which include the index and non-index crimes while crime rate is the number or volume of crime incidents in a given period of time for every 100,000 inhabitants of an area.
Index crimes are crimes which are serious in nature and which occur with sufficient frequency and regularity such that they can serve as an index to a crime situation. They include murder, homicide, physical injury, carnapping (car theft), cattle-rustling, robbery, theft and rape.
A briefing paper from the PNP Directorate for Investigation and Detective Management headed by Chief Superintendent Augusto Marquez showed that from January to October 2013, a total of 628,784 crimes composed of 370,247 index crimes and 475,900 non-index crimes or violation of special laws were recorded.
During the same period in 2014, crime volume was pegged at 714,632 broken down into 259,990 index crimes and 454,642 non-index crimes. From January to October 2015, the PNP registered a total of 675,816 crimes broken down into 201,013 index crimes and 474 non-index crimes.
From January to October this year, police have recorded a total of 490,700 crimes broken down into 118,183 index crimes and 372,517 non-index crimes.
During the same period, the PNP noted an increase in crime volume in Regions 2,4-A and Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao while crime decreased in Regions 1,3,4-B,5,6,7,8,9,20,11,12,13 Cordillera Autonomous Region, National Capital Region and Negros Island Region.
Comparing the 10-month period in 2015 and 2016, the PNP said there was a reduction of 23,262 non-index crimes or 5.88 percent this year compared to last year’s figures. Police also noted a 30.81 percent reduction in index crimes or 52,635 less compared to the 2015 figures.
Homicide, theft and cattle-rustling makes up the biggest part of the “crime volume pie” followed by physical injuries, rape, carnapping, murder and robbery.
However, there has been a noted increase in murder cases from January to October this year with 9,301 recorded compared to the 7,967 registered during the same period in 2015. The PNP-DIDM said that when it comes to homicide cases, there were 2,372 recorded during the same period in 2015 compared to the 1,879 this year; 26,875 cases of robbery last year compared to the 18,256 this year; 71,040 incidents of theft in 2015 compared to the 42,748 this year; 10,703 cases of carnapping compared to the 8,091 this year; and 42,260 cases of physical injury last year compared to the 29,605 recorded during the first 10 months of 2016.
All in all, there were a total of 161,217 incidents of Focused Crimes recorded from January to October 2015 compared to the 109,880 recorded during the same period this year or a 31.84 percent reduction.
The PNP-DIDM said that the Top 3 Most Prevalent Crimes in the country during the same comparative period are theft—71,040; physical injury—42,260 ; and robbery—26,875 in 2015 compared to the 42,748 incidents of theft ; 29,605 incidents of physical injury and 18,256 cases of theft recorded from January to October this year.